Before we dig into choosing between the many models on the market, let's ask? Do I need a pair of hiking shoes? Our lead tester recently had a brief conversation with a friend new to hiking. It started something like this:
Friend: Hey, I had a great time on Saturday hiking up to Grey Rock, but my old running shoes were slipping and sliding everywhere on the way down. What should I buy for hiking in? I bumped into a bunch of other hikers, and they were wearing all kinds of things: sandals, running shoes, colorful trail running shoes, leather boots, some type of mesh looking boots, and there were these two guys wearing those toe shoes.
The reply went something like this:
I'm glad you had fun up there. You can hike in any kind of shoes and have a good time, but the more you get out hiking, you'll want to find something that fits your foot well, and handles the terrain you're covering. Some of those hikers have probably figured out what works great for their foot, some may be be trying out the latest craze in footwear, and a good chunk are probably in your shoes snicker making do with what they have while deciding what they want to purchase specifically for hiking.
Key Questions to Guide Your Footwear Decision
Before making your next purchase, be sure to ask yourself:
Where do I plan to hike?
What are the trail surfaces like?
Will I spend much time off-trail?
How much does my pack usually weigh?
How much if any support do I need for my ankles?
Will I get out there in bad weather and in the winter?
Let's take a look at the types of footwear available for hiking. Each is an appropriate choice for hiking and light backpacking depending on your answers to these questions. After detailing the advantages of each, we'll discuss two basic categories of hiking shoes and their attributes. And finally, we'll guide you through fitting and sizing a shoe for your unique foot.
Types of Hiking Footwear
For decades, hiking boots were the best choice for covering trail miles. For folks that carry more than 35 lbs and hike often in mud and snow, they remain the best choice. Boots protect the ankle and are warmer in cold weather. Check out our review of Men's Hiking Boots for the best boots available today.
Innovations in materials and design have enabled an ultralight approach to hiking and backpacking for passionate hikers. Lightweight trail running shoes are popular with thru-hikers, especially those with light pack weights and hundreds of miles in front of them. Heavier trail running shoes, like the Salomon XA Pro 3D, make excellent crossover shoes for hikers. These running shoes work great for some, but others want more support and durability. Enter the
Typically, hiking shoes include durable soles with great traction, midsole designs that focus on foot support for miles with light loads, and waterproof linings to keep your feet dry in challenging conditions. Hiking shoes are often the most popular footwear seen on the trail, especially for day hiking. They fit the sweet spot of good foot support while remaining light and nimble. Typically, they are more comfortable than boots and more durable than trail runners.
Shoe vs. Boot
Six of the shoes tested are available as mid-height boots, which begs the question: Should I choose a low-cut shoe or mid-height boot? On average, the products tested weighed in at five ounces per pair lighter than their boot brothers. A couple ounces per shoe isn't cause to drive your decision, and the price difference is small as well.
Hikers with ankle issues know that ankle stability is the primary reason to choose a boot over a shoe. Mid-cut boots stabilize and support the ankle, especially in rough terrain or when carrying a backpack, the way no low-cut shoe can.
Boots also provide more protection from mud, snow, and water, and they are a necessity for rough terrain with heavy loads. Hiking boots are also warmer than a low-cut shoe.
Best Uses for Hiking Shoes
"Hiking" covers a whole range of fun-on-your-feet adventures, including day hikes requiring minimum essentials. These could be leisurely strolls on maintained trails or many miles covered at speed in rough terrain and everything in between. Hiking also encompasses short backpacking trips with light or medium loads or long fastpacking trips where paring down the weight becomes a priority.
If you usually carry a light pack or none at all, or if you've built strong ankles and good agility with miles of hiking, these low-cut shoes are for you. Enjoy the lightness, comfort, and agility that defines them.
A Note on Pack Weight
We often refer to light, medium, and heavy loads for hiking and backpacking. Light refers to everything up to 20 lbs. This should cover day hikers and some of the ultralight backpacker and thru-hiker folks. By medium loads, we mean 20-35 lbs. It's a noticeable amount of weight to carry, and footwear offering good foot support is important. Anything more than 35 lbs is heavy. Most folks want boots for these loads.
Day hiking is where hiking shoes shine. When the plan is to start and finish on the same day, the essentials carried can be minimal. A water bottle in hand, a rain jacket tied around your waist, and a camera in your pocket. Or a small pack with extra clothes, maps, camera gear, snacks, and water is still quite light. For these hikes, comfort and weight are of primary importance to most of us. All the shoes reviewed here are good choices for day hiking. Consider the terrain and conditions you commonly hike and choose from the shoes that match your needs. Your final choice will depend on personal preference and what shoe fits you the best. The Keen Targhee 2 in particular is an excellent and popular choice for day hiking.
Our testers have spent a lot of time evaluating these shoes on hikes to the summits of Colorado's mountains. Ten miles round-trip, 4,000 feet of elevation gain and loss, and five hours on the go was an average trip. These trips are not running adventures, though sometimes a flat section encourages you to step on the gas for a few minutes. Fast hiking refers to being ambitious about the amount of ground you want to cover in a day.
The foot support offered by hiking shoes is a better choice for most than the lightweight cushioning offered by trail runners. The La Sportiva FC Eco 2.0 became our go-to shoe for fast hiking that covers a lot of off-trail terrain or involves scrambling. The North Face Ultra 109 GTX fit the ticket for mostly good trail, where the urge to run a little takes over.
Backpacking with Light or Medium Loads
Hiking shoes are perfect for carrying medium and lighter packs on maintained trails. Hikers that occasionally head out backpacking for a few nights generally pack light, and the support and durability offered by a low-cut model is a perfect choice. Experienced backpackers with strong ankles can cruise through rough terrain in shoes designed for hiking as well and find medium pack weights reasonable with the support provided. The North Face Ultra 109 GTX, our Editors' Choice winner, is an excellent shoe for multi-day backpacking trips, as are the La Sportiva FC Eco 2.0 and The North Face Hedgehog Hike GTX.
If you take a trip on the Pacific Crest or Appalachian Trail, you'll see most thru-hikers wearing low-cut hiking shoes, with trail running shoes the second most popular choice. Thru-hikers (those who are hiking extreme distances) place a premium on weight and comfort when choosing a shoe vs. boot and enjoy more foot support and durability than trail runners offer. The lightweight Keen Targhee 2 and the Merrell Moab Ventilator are popular shoes for thru-hiking and long trips with light loads. The Targhee 2 has excellent foot support for a light shoe, and the light Moab Ventilator is minimalistic, prioritizing weight and breathability.
How to Choose a Hiking Shoe
So you've decided a low-cut hiking shoe will meet your needs best. Which one should you purchase? Because these products fit into a niche between hiking boots and trail running shoes, they can be divided into two groups that resemble one or the other.
First, we have models that more closely resemble hiking boots. Six of the boots we evaluated are available as a mid-cut boot. As we described above, boots traditionally have a substantial midsole and a full length shank, which support the foot under loads and provide torsional stability. These shoes provide the same foot support as their boot brothers, and the low-cut upper saves several ounces on each foot. Listed below are the models that fall into this category, with the Lowa Renegade offering the most foot support. The Moab Ventilator is one of the lightest shoes (and boots we tested), and offers minimal foot support. These are listed in decreasing order of foot support, which closely correlates to measured weight.
Lowa Renegade II GTX Lo
La Sportiva FC Eco 2.0
Keen Targhee 2
The North Face Hedgehog Hike GTX
Keen Marshall WP
Merrell Moab Ventilator
The Renegade and FC Eco provide the most foot support, and are great choices if you want to carry a medium or heavy pack with a low-cut shoe. The Targhee 2 we consider the best bang for your buck if it fits your foot, and the Hedgehog Hike is the lightest shoe that received a high support score. The Marshall is exceptionally breathable and comfortable, but lacks the support for carrying loads. And the Moab Ventilator treats your feet right in hot, dry weather.
Second, we have four shoes that more closely resemble a trail running shoe. The fit, amount of heel lift above the forefoot, and sole are most similar to traditional trail runners. Folks who come from a running background will find these shoes' fit and feel familiar. These are the lightest products we tested, with the exception of the uberlight Moab Ventilator, which again occupies a class of its own. The categories we use for footwear take a continuum of features, weight and performance into consideration, but there can certainly be an overlap between these types. If these are the shoes you're drawn to for hiking, you'll also want to consider the excellent footwear evaluated in our Men's Trail Runners review, especially the Salomon XA Pro 3D, which has a dedicated following amongst many fast hikers and thru-hikers.
The North Face Ultra 109 GTX
Adidas Outdoor AX 2.0
Salewa Wildfire GTX
The North Face Ultra took home our Editors' Choice Award. It handles both hiking and rough terrain and running very well. Superlight and all leather, the non-waterproof Vasque Juxt is a great option for moving fast in the desert or any other dry climate. The Adidas Outdoor runs and dayhikes reasonably well, but just doesn't play in the same league as the other shoes we tested.
The Wildfire is the most specialized shoe we tested. A hybrid approach- trail running-hiking shoe, this model will keep you happy when the ridge scrambles start to border on real-deal rock climbing.
Support & Weight
How much support you need depends how many miles you hike, how smooth or rough the terrain is, and how much weight you are carrying. The further your adventures take you, the more you'll benefit from a shoe with more support and torsional stability, especially if you're moving over rough trails or off-trail terrain. Stiffer, more supportive shoes will also reduce foot fatigue when carrying a pack, and the more you carry the more support your foot needs.
Surely light is right when hiking lots of miles. Modern materials and construction techniques have worked wonders in footwear design, and today's best shoes for hiking deliver support, comfort and performance at relatively low weights compared to only a few years ago. With the heaviest shoe we tested weighing in at 2.7 lbs, and the lightest 2.1, all are pretty darn light. As we've seen though, as ounces are shaved, the product generally becomes less supportive and durable. Our advice is to choose the lightest footwear that meets your needs for support and expectations of durability.
Waterproof Membrane or No?
We all are aiming to keep our feet as dry as possible when hiking. Dry feet are cooler when it's hot out, and warmer when it's cold. Wet skin is also a major cause of blisters, which can ruin a trip. Waterproof breathable membranes will keep your feet from getting soaked while hiking through shallow puddles, small streams, mud and heavy dew. But keep in mind that non-waterproof shoes are far more breathable than their waterproof membrane counterparts. Many hikers have relayed to us the disadvantage of waterproof membranes when hiking in hot weather. If you mostly hike on dry trails, especially in hot weather, choose a shoe available without a membrane and enjoy the better breathability. Waterproof membranes do add warmth to a shoe, and provide great performance for cold weather hiking.
Fitting & Finding Your Size
The comfort and performance of footwear is largely determined by how well the shoes fit your feet. Once you've narrowed down your search, trying on many pairs of similar shoes to find the model and size that best fits your foot is ideal. Some manufacturers' products are known to fit low volume or narrow feet best. La Sportiva has this reputation. Others tend to fit wide feet well, and some manufacturers offer their shoes with width options. The Moab Ventilator is available in wide, and the Lowa makes the Renegade in both narrow and wide.
If possible, visit a local outdoor retailer to try on all the shoes you are considering. Try them on with the type of socks you expect to wear most often, and if you use custom insoles or orthotics make sure you take them along. While hikers that wear boots tend to use moderately thick wool socks, the best fit with their shoe counterparts is usually with a relatively thin wool or synthetic sock.
If the majority of your hiking happens in cool weather, start your fitting with a moderately thick wool sock. On the other hand, if warm or hot weather is more frequent where you hike, begin with a relatively thin synthetic sock.
Finding a well-fitting shoe for your particular foot is even more important for hiking shoes than boots. A boot's higher ankle collars provide more lacing adjustment that can be used to hold the foot in place in the footbed. A narrow foot in a wider shoe will be more difficult to secure than in a wider boot. If you are new to shoes for the outdoors, a 1/2 or full size larger than casual shoes is a good place to start. The Brannock device, which gives both a length and width measurement of your foot when used by an experienced shoe fitter, provides valuable measurements to speed up sizing.
You will want to make sure that the shoe and size you choose captures your foot well, so that there is no sliding of the heel up and down in the shoe. To avoid blisters, the tips of your toes should never touch the front of your shoe. Loosen the laces of the shoe, slide your foot all the way to the front. There should be about ½ inch of space, or your pinky finger width, behind your heel. When lacing the shoe up, slide your heel snugly into the back of the shoe, and lace it up with even tension across your forefoot. Take a hot lap around the store, walk on some stairs or that fancy ramp some stores have, and note the feel and especially how well your heel stays put in the back of the shoe.
As the final decision looms, many folks find themselves torn between two sizes. Our lead tester used to spend a lot of time agonizing over whether 11.5 or 12 would be the better fit out on the trails. Our feet swell a little bit when we're out hiking, especially during long days. A thicker sock or more substantial insole can make a slightly too big shoe fit really well. But a shoe that is too small is just too small. Pick the larger size if you're torn between two.
Fine Tuning the Fit
A little fine tuning can do wonders to achieve the perfect fit. Using a little thicker sock can help folks with low volume feet get a snug fit without having to over-tighten the laces. If you're fitting a shoe you quite like, but have a little bit of heel slip, try a bit thicker sock. Or try a thinner sock with a ½ size smaller. Compare one combo on your right and one on your left as you walk around.
Shoes that have a traditional eyelet, or two close together, at the top of the lacing system provide you the flexibility to experiment with lacing. With these traditional, through-the-shoe's upper eyes, you can pass the lace through either from the inside or outside of the upper. Passing the lace from the outside to the inside of the upper can snug the ankle cuff a bit tighter. Two upper eyes allows you to use one or both.
Lots of hikers replace the stock insole, either from the start or as it begins to wear out, which is often long before the shoe itself is ready for retirement. Thicker or thinner insoles (don't be afraid to mix and match from your current shoes), can help you adjust the fit of a nearly just-right shoe.