Best Overall Women's Hardshell Jacket
Arc'teryx Theta AR - Women's
Long, roomy cut makes layering easy
Incredibly weatherproof and durable
Fabric isn't as breathable or as mobile as other jackets
In a competitive race, the Arc'teryx Theta AR - Women's
took home the Editors' Choice Award for its incredible weather protection, roomy fit, and its plethora of features. For a heavy duty hardshell jacket, it did a great job at breathing and providing ventilation when it was much needed. The Theta is a versatile shell that can accompany you on journeys through the backcountry and through some of the worst weather that mother nature can throw your way. In our water tests, it maintained an ability to keep water from absorbing into the fabrics after almost 10 minutes of torrential downpour. It will keep you dry when its gross outside, and keep you comfortable when it's not. So, if you're looking for an all-purpose weather-proof hardshell jacket that will go with you practically anywhere - from the store to the high summits - take a look at the Arc'teryx Theta AR.
Read review: Arc'teryx Theta AR - Women's
Best Bang for the Buck
Mountain Hardwear Torsun - Women's
Comes in a host of bright shades
Very versatile at an awesome price
No underarm zips
Not awesome in severe weather
Hood cinches are hard to access
Scoring high points, and being a secret favorite of the primary tester, the Mountain Hardwear Torsun - Women's
did a stand-out job balancing breathability, weather protection, and comfort features at an affordable price of $350.00. The Torsun features Dry.Q.Elite fabric technology that performed extremely well in our breathability tests, making it the second most breathable jacket. This is a perfect piece for an early morning winter run, or on a cooler day while cross-country skiing. It also has a wonderful long fit, with great colors. It's also the only one that features a multi-directional zipper, the largest and most comfy chin warmers, and pockets with a built-in ventilation system. It's a fantastic all-purpose jacket that you can take anywhere. So if you're looking for an all-purpose warrior with a low ticket price, you've found it right here.
Read review: Mountain Hardwear Torsun - Women's
Top Pick for Big Mountain Expeditions
Arc'teryx Alpha SV Jacket - Women's
Highest ranked for severe weather
Short cut and less mobility in fabric
Not super breathable
so what exactly does a hardshell need to be big mountain expedition savvy? Well, let's take a look at the Arc'teryx Alpha SV Jacket - Women's
, which exemplifies just that. First, it needs to be totally wind and waterproof - check. Second, it needs to have a bomber storm hood, attached to the jacket, with full coverage - check! Third, it needs to be ultra durable, something that won't rip or break a few days into the expedition - check. The Alpha SV is all this and more. It is perfect for ascent-oriented activities. It features a removed hemlock system that keeps the jacket from riding up when you put your arms up. It has an incredibly roomy fit, in the arms and body, so you can stack as many layers as you need to stay warm. Given its bomber construction, this shell will have you putting yourself all over the map as you trek long days in the mountains without a care of weather breaking through your mountain armor outerwear. This piece is expedition ready!
Read review: Arc'teryx Alpha SV Jacket - Women's
Top Pick for Lightweight Design
Outdoor Research Clairvoyant
Lightweight and most breathable
Stows into pocket
Not the warmest or the best for extreme weather conditions
No underarm vent zippers
The Outdoor Research Clairvoyant
got the most attention from our many female testers. First, for its soft and supple outer, which makes it one of the most mobile and breathable shells tested. Second, for its light weight of just 11.70 ounces - the lightest shell tested. Third, for its minimalist design. If you're looking for a jacket that will protect you when the weather turns bad, that can pack into its pocket, or that you can comfortably continue wearing while moving uphill, check out the Clairvoyant.
Read review: Outdoor Research Clairvoyant
Best for Specific Applications
Best for Comfort: Patagonia Piolet
Analysis and Test Results
So what sets a hardshell jacket apart from a wind, rain, or softshell? It's quite simple really. An expensive and high-end hardshell has components that make it both extremely weatherproof and somewhat breathable. In the past, fabrics for an ultra waterproof garment truly lacked breathability, but as technology has advanced, garments are becoming more breathable and lighter weight. Not only that, but different manufacturers are integrating different types of technology. Some make ultralight and super breathable shells, like the Outdoor Research Clairvoyant, while others are less breathable and incredibly durable, like the Arc'teryx Alpha SV. Hardshell jackets also differ from other shell types because of their features. Adjustable helmet-compatible hoods, wrist closures, high collars (some are detached from the hood), and other sizing adjustments are among the many details manufacturers work to perfect. The face fabrics are continuous with minimal, intricate stitching and heat sealed seams to increase weatherproofing.
Finding some early season ice in the San Juans is a perfect function for the flexible and feature filled Norrona Trollveggen Dri3. It contains the typical features of a hardshell: a great storm hood, mega sized wrist enclosures, and great weather proofing.
During our research, we learned that most hardshell jackets that weren't made of GORE-TEX Pro fabrics wetted out roughly one minute after being under water. That said, they still maintained their waterproofing. Really high-end models like our Editors' Choice Award winner, Arc'teryx Theta AR, kept repelling the water even after 10 minutes of torrential downpour. In correlation with high price is incredibly high durability and weather protection. A good hardshell jacket will last you upwards of 10 years and is a good investment if you intend to be outside in wet and cold environments.
A comparative look at an incredibly weather proof vs. a less weather proof fabric. The left shows 3L Gore-TexPro that has continued to bead water after 10 minutes of exposure to water. The right shows the dri3 technology used in the Norrona Trollveggan dri3 jacket that wetted out after about 1 minute of exposure. More expensive jackets integrate more waterproof fabrics.
Rain jackets, on the other hand, don't integrate many of the uber-well-designed features of hardshells and they aren't as durable. Generally speaking, rain jackets feature 2- or 2.5-layer construction, while hardshells usually use 3-layer construction. However, rain jackets are WAY more affordable. If you're looking for a shell just to cut the wind or keep the rain off during day or multi-day backpacking trips and you don't want to break the bank, a rainshell may be the way to go. To learn more, check out The Best Rain Jacket for Women Review
Softshells are more breathable but are only water and wind resistant
. They are best used in situations where you won't encounter wet weather (i.e., drier, non-coastal climates). For example, in Colorado, many mountain and ice climbing guides will choose a softshell over a hardshell jacket because they are far more breathable and integrate mobile and lightweight fabrics. They can withstand big winds and will still keep you dry in dry snow. To find out more, check out The Best Softshell for Women Review
How do breathable fabrics work?
Breathability in a fabric depends on three different factors. The first is the size of the pores in the membrane. The pores are not big enough to allow water or wind molecules to pass through, but these pores are large enough to allow moisture vapor to pass through so your body perspiration can escape. The second factor is the number of pores for a given area. The higher the number of pores, the more breathable the fabric and vice versa. The third factor is the type of polymer used. GORE-TEX, for example, uses a rigid polymer while other less rigid (more mobile) fabrics use hydrophilic (hydo=water, philic = repelling) molecules to keep the water out, and allow the air to pass through. Throughout our testing, we found that different fabrics had different functions as a result of the differences in these three factors. Read on to learn more!
The Dry.Q.Elite membrane featured in the Mountain Hardwear Torsun is breathable, allowing you to keep your jacket on when moving.
One of the conclusions about fabrics that we came to through this review was that each type of fabric tested utilized a different technology. To start, we'll introduce the different types of fabrics that we will see in this review. Gore-Tex leads the charge in the breathable fabric and membrane industry. However, new fabrics like Dri.Q.Elite, utilized in the Mountain Hardwear Torsun, are more breathable, less rigid, with a similar level of waterproofing. To start, we go over the different types of fabrics you will see through this review and outline their specific purposes.
In 1969, Bob Gore (son of the founding Bill and Vieve Gore) discovered a polymer that would later be integrated into hardshell jackets in 1976. Polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), used in Gore-Tex shells, is a rigid polymer that repels water and oxygen molecules and allows water vapor molecules to pass through its membrane allowing for ample breathability and weatherproofing. Today, Gore-Tex is still the leading producer of breathable fabrics used in hardshells. Brands like Arc'teryx, Patagonia, and Outdoor Research are just a few companies (of the many) that integrate Gore-Tex into their garments. The company also offers a variety of different types of weatherproofing for different functions. Take a look below at the different levels found used in this review.
GORE-TEX Pro (Extended and Extreme Solution)
: This three-layer material is made of face fabric, membrane, and liner, which are all welded together. It is designed to be extremely rugged, breathable, and versatile.
Best Uses: Any conditions requiring superior weather protection like long extended mountaineering trips, nasty and wet weather situations, or highly abrasive trips that require a rugged outer.
Products in this review that utilize Gore-Tex Pro include our Top Pick for Mountain Expeditions - Arc'teryx Alpha SV, the Arc'teryx Beta AR Jacket - Women's
, and our Editors' Choice winner - the Arc'teryx Theta AR
GORE-TEX Multi-purpose Solution
The Gore-Tex Pro shell is highly durable and waterproof. Through our testing we didn't find it to be exceptionally breathable.
: This material features two-layer technology - a welded face fabric and membrane - with a third separate (un-welded) liner. It is designed to be versatile, durable, and stylish.
Best Uses: Anything from hiking, biking, to just hanging out in town.
The only model in this review that utilizes this Gore-Tex technology is the Patagonia Piolet
The 2-layer GoreTex is much more breathable than 3-layer technology.
GORE-TEX Active (Highly Aerobic Solution)
A look at the Patagonia Piolet's inner mesh layer. Most 2-layer jackets will not have their liner welded to the membrane like we see with a 3-layer jacket.
: This material also uses three-layer technology but prioritizes breathability, lightweight, and minimalist design over other attributes.
Best Uses: Any aerobic activity (i.e., backcountry skiing, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing), light wear around town uses.
In this review, our Top Pick for Lightweight Design, the Outdoor Research Clairvoyant, uses Gore-Tex Active technology.
GoreTex Active is the most breathable shell that we tested.
Another fabric technology, the Dry.Q.Elite from Mountain Hardwear is more breathable than the regular Gore-Tex and Gore-Tex Pro products. Dry.Q.Elite breathes better because the pore size is a little larger, allowing moisture to pass through the fabric from your body without having to build up a sweat first.
Dry.Q.Elite uses a different type of polymer and membrane then the Gore-Tex products. It allows moisture to leave the body before it turns into water vapour. As a result, it feels more breathable.
We also explore the differences between a hardshell, softshell, and rain jacket in our How to Choose the Best Hardshell Jacket for Women
Types of Hardshell Jackets
Now that we've learned all about different types of fabrics and how they compared during our testing, it's time to talk about different types of hardshell jackets. Some come with a built-in liner, others have liners that can be zipped in and out, while others (like the ones in this review) have no liners at all. The idea behind these liner-less shells is that it gives you more freedom to choose your layers and use them when you please. Some of these shells might come equipped with a powder skirt and are ideal for skiing or snow activities. The products in this review are designed with a more ascent-oriented focus, so they do not have built-in liners, zip out liners, or powder skirts. Instead, they have features such as pockets that are positioned to accommodate wearing a harness or backpack that are more specialized for moving up mountain. For your reading ease, we have divided the products in this review into three different categories.
: These are best for extended expedition-based trips, for big mountain guides, or for those who work or spend a lot of time in the backcountry (multiple days at a time). These shells prioritize durability, which means they are a little heavier and pretty much bomb proof. Heavy-duty models like the Arc'teryx Alpha SV, Arc'teryx Theta AR, and the Arc'teryx Beta AR tend to have very durable face fabrics and provide excellent weather protection.
A comparative look at three heavy duty shells. From left to right we have the Arc'teryx Alpha SV, Arc'teryx Beta AR, and Arc'teryx Theta AR. All featuring three-layer Gore-Tex Pro membrane, and heavy duty face fabrics.
: These are your all-purpose warriors. Built to take you to top the mountains and through the streets of rainy coastal cities. They tend to have fabrics that are more flexible and more breathable, along with a higher number of comfort features than the heavy duty shells. Their durability is still high, and you'll have more mobility in a medium weight hardshell jacket than in one of the heavy-duty models. These will still keep you protected from the elements when you're not looking for a severe weather rated shell. Check out the Patagonia Piolet and the Mountain Hardwear Torsun if you're interested in a medium weight model.
A look at the medium duty jackets. From left to right: Mountain Hardwear Torsun, Norrona Trollveggan dri3, and Patagonia Piolet
: These models are for the minimalist who is looking for a no-frills hardshell with few features and a super lightweight design. They tend to be less than 13 oz with incredibly breathable membranes and an affinity for protecting you from the elements. They are designed to help you move fast and pack down quickly. They also work as great wind shells on long missions and will keep you dry if the sky decides to cry. These lightweight models can get as light as 8 oz. However, our lightest shell tested, and winning the Top Pick for Lightweight Design, was the Outdoor Research Clairvoyant, weighing in at just 11.70 oz.
The Outdoor Research Clairvoyant was our Top Pick for Lightweight Design, and the only jacket in this review in the lightweight shell category. It also features Gore-Tex Active shell technology.
Criteria for Evaluation
When evaluating hardshell jackets, we rated them according to the seven most important metrics that you should consider before purchasing one of these bomber behemoths. These metrics included Weather Protection, Mobility, Breathability & Venting, Weight & Packed Size, Features, Durability, and Versatility. Read on to learn how we tested each metric, and how the products compared to one another. The chart below displays the overall scores from the combined performance metrics.
One of the main reasons to buy an expensive hardshell jacket is for its ability to combat the elements. So it's no wonder that we awarded 20% of each product's score to weather protection. When testing to see how weather protective these products were, we considered three main variables. First, we measured each one's windproof
factor. Given that some fabrics like the Outdoor Research Clairvoyant and Mountain Hardwear Torsun are more breathable, it's unavoidable that they will be less windproof. So to test, we rode bikes around, got out in the backcountry on windy days, and glided on cross country skis with just a t-shirt and the shell over top to test to see if we felt the wind against our skin. The second variable tested was how waterproof
the hardshell was. To test this, we put on a cotton t-shirt and climbed into the shower to see if the water leaked in any places, if the hood prevented water from funneling down the hood or collar in any strange way, or if the fabric simply wetted out after any period of time. Last but not least, we considered how relatively warm
we felt while riding out storms or wearing the products on cold jaunts around town.
The shower test was how we could comparatively test waterproofing capabilities. We strapped on a hardshell, and got into the shower. All shells except the Arc'teryx Theta AR and Alpha SV wetted out after just one minute. Though, they were all able to maintain waterproofing capabilities.
After a lot of rain, snow, and wind, we weren't surprised to rate the Arc'teryx SV and the Arc'teryx Theta as our top performers for weather protection. Both feature great hoods that provide amazing coverage. The SV had a little more coverage than the Theta with its storm hood. Not only that, but they were the only two hardshell jackets that did not "wet out" after a minute of being in a continuous stream of water. All others tested, including the Arc'teryx Beta, beaded the water for a few minutes before the fabric became saturated. All the products across the board are waterproof thanks to their membranes, but many of the face fabrics absorbed more water than we expected.
The product we were the least happy with was the Patagonia Piolet. The hood does not provide adequate coverage and funneled water down into the collar after being cinched down. Regarding warmth, the Arc'teryx SV provided the most warmth.
Psyched to get out on some ice during a winter storm in Silverton, CO. A perfect day for testing weather protection - wind, wet snow, and cold weather.
You know that 'swish swish, crinkle crinkle' sound that some hardshells make with every movement? That swishy sound equates to a shell that is fairly rigid and does not have a whole lot of stretch and mobility. This mobility (or immobility) is a result of the different types of polymers used in the membranes of each jacket. To test mobility, we lifted our arms, stretched the fabric, did some yoga, and busted out some kung-fu moves to see if the jacket moved with us. We also researched the different types of fabrics and learned about why and how some jackets were more mobile than others.
It's no surprise that the most lightweight and minimalist shell tested, the Outdoor Research Clairvoyant, was the most mobile. It has a soft fabric that moves with you. However, it's not a very roomy jacket, so wearing many layers underneath can be restricting. The Patagonia Piolet was the most flexible of all the medium weight jackets, while the Arc'teryx jackets scored at the lower end of the mobility scale, encompassing the heavy-duty category. Even though the Arc'teryx jackets scored low for fabric mobility, they had the most room through the arms and body to accommodate movement in other ways.
Loving the mobility and comfort features of the Patagonia Piolet Jacket. We took this on a 5-mile crosscountry misson and it was surprisingly awesome. Good Job Patagonia!
Breathability & Venting
So you are hiking through the snow, and the weather is pretty bad. You don't want to take off your shell, for fear of getting wet, but you need a way to get that moisture and sweat away from your skin. This is where fabric breathability and venting comes into play. What we found in our testing is that having pit zips are much more important for breathability than just relying on vapor diffusion through the fabric. During our testing period, we looked at fabric breathability by taking each shell out for early morning winter runs, accompanied by just a simple base layer. We observed how warm or how swampy the jacket kept us throughout the run. Once we stopped running to walk home, we noticed how cold we got from water vapor that stayed on the skin. We also looked at the number of vents each jacket had, how big they were, and how well they worked in their particular positions. Some jackets like the Arc'teryx Beta AR had pit zips, while others like the Mountain Hardwear Torsun just had simple hand pockets with mesh.
Regarding fabric breathability, we found that the Gore-Tex Active fabric used in the Clairvoyant provided the most breathability. Other fabrics like two-layer Gore-Tex (Piolet) and Dry.Q.Elite (Torsun) were also quite breathable, with the Torsun leading the way of these two. We were surprised to learn that the Gore-Tex Pro layers (Arc'teryx Beta, Theta, SV) were somewhat breathable, but not so much as the other fabrics in this review.
The Clairvoyant was one of the most breathable shells tested, though it was lacking any type of pit zip venting system. Like the Torsun, it had built in ventilation in its pockets.
Pit zips were prevalent on the Gore-Tex Pro shells and provided ample relief while hiking, running, or cross-country skiing. All Arc'teryx shells had large vents. Neither the Clairvoyant nor the Torsun have pit zips, but they do feature mesh pockets that when opened, turned into a ventilation system. Even though this offered some relief on warmer days or amped up workouts, we were hoping for pit zips to accompany the ultra-breathable fabrics.
Weight & Packed Size
If you're considering buying an ultra-durable shell to take with you on long multi-day expeditions, it's important that it can pack into a backpack without taking up too much room and weighing you down. In general, you might sacrifice an ounce or two for extra durability and weather protection, found in a heavier shell like the Alpha SV, when it comes to nasty weather conditions. But if you're just out skiing for the day, or looking to get in touch with your inner aerobic self, take a look at a lighter shell. To look at weight and packed size, we simply rolled each up into their hoods and compressed them down as far as they would go. We also looked to see if any would fit into their pockets - Outdoor Research Clairvoyant did very well in this test.
In general, we feel that a hardshell jacket that weighs more than 17 ounces is too heavy for ascension-based activities (only the Patagonia Piolet is over this threshold). Most of the products we tested compressed to a similar size without a significant difference. The Clairvoyant turned out to be the most compressible and lightweight model tested, earning its Top Pick for Lightweight Design. Following behind was the Arc'teryx Beta AR, weighing in at just 14.45 oz, and compressing to a size just a tad larger than a 1 liter water bottle. The Patagonia Piolet weighed the most at 18.90 ounces, making it a poor choice for light multi-day excursions. The Alpha SV and Piolet were the least compressible, making them better worn than packed.
From left to right: Outdoor Research Clairvoyant, Arc'teryx Theta AR, Norrona Trollveggan dri3, Arc'teryx Beta AR, Mountain Hardwear Torsun. Bottom left to right: Patagonia Piolet and Arc'teryx Alpha SV.
sometimes it's the little things that make the difference. When looking at features, we took into consideration a bunch of different things that make a hardshell jacket more versatile, comfortable, and functional. For example, we looked at how big the pull tabs were to adjust hoods and hems, and whether we had to take the gloves on or off. We also looked at pocket design - their number, depth, and position. We are happy to report that all the products we tested turned out to be harness/backpack strap compatible, as well as helmet compatible. We also looked to see if there were any cozy chin warmers, how much room there was in the collar, and how far it came up on the face when the hood was cinched down. Finally, we took into consideration any fancy features that stood out on each product.
The Alpha SV has many functional features, like a harness compatible system and pockets that have cross-body access. Tying at the top of the bunch in this metric is the Theta AR. Other products like the Clairvoyant are minimalist in design and lack some features. The Patagonia Piolet was another cozy hardshell jacket that has a warm liner, felted chin warmers AND hand warmers as well (the only one with this feature!).
The Norrona dri3 almost won the Editors' Choice award for its great features. We thought it was a perfect ice climbing jacket due to its longer arms, and no-lift fit.
When considering purchasing an uber-expensive shell, you better know if it's going to last you for a long time. To be honest, because of our short testing period, this was the hardest metric to test. So we made our observations based on the quality of stitching, fabrics used, and zipper design. Models with big burly zippers are more likely to last than ones with tiny zippers with teeth that might fall out of sync. We also put these hardshell jackets in the washer to see if it affected the DWR after just one wash, or if anything part looked worn afterward. To top it all off, we did our research. We talked to long-term owners of shells like the Piolet and looked at consumer reviews online. In the end, we were able to comment on the durability of each shell.
In general, the Arc'teryx models scored top marks for durability. Their construction is supreme with complex stitching and welded overlays that ensure the shell will last close to a lifetime. Many Arc'teryx owners gloat about the durability with a huge trade-off for price. One thing we did not like about the Beta AR was that after tugging on the pull tab of the hood's cinching system, the top popped off. Aside from that, we didn't notice any wear and tear after three months of testing. We also loved the bomber zippers on the Arc'teryx and Outdoor Research products. On the other end, we are wary of the tiny toothed zippers used in the Mountain Hardwear and Patagonia pieces. No need to worry, however, because all these manufacturers back their products with a lifetime guarantee. This includes zippers. So if it breaks, send it in for a fix.
Kelly takes a trek through the Northern San Juans on an overnight ski mountaineering trip. The ultra durable Arc'teryx Beta AR was a perfect compadre for the mission.
It's nice to have a hardshell jacket that you can take with you on all your favorite activities that require bomber weather protection
everything from resort skiing, snowshoeing, running, hiking, ice climbing, mountaineering, and all else in between. To test this metric - we simply did all those things. We noted which shells were suited more for one purpose and which seemed to offer high performance for multiple activities. We noticed which ones our friends reached for when headed out for different activities like backcountry touring and cross-country skiing. With these tests, we were able to determine which shells were versatile, and which weren't.
We found that the most versatile models were the ones that were more breathable. We gave top marks to the Mountain Hardwear Torsun because of its great breathability and its ability to perform in adverse conditions. The Arc'teryx products and the Outdoor Research model still earned top marks because you can use them for pretty much anything. From skiing to ice climbing to scampering around town. The only product that did not perform for all fun outdoor adventures was the Piolet due to its heavy weight, and its wavering weather protection. It is better suited for more mellow recreational activities, shoveling snow outside, or just for a quick cross-country ski at the track.
The Mountain Hardwear Torsun is our Best Buy Award winner that is quite versatile. Take it hiking, backcountry snowboarding, or cross country skiing.
Kelly, one of our testers, donning the Arc'teryx Beta AR on a ski mountaineering day trip near the Last Dollar Hut in the San Juan Mountains.
The jackets in this review are intended to protect you from the most fierce of weather conditions. Depending on where you live and what you plan to use your jacket for, the hardshell you choose may vary. After reading through the details of our thorough testing, we hope that you were able to find the jacket that suits your taste. Still unsure? Have a look at our Buying Advice
article for tips on what to consider when selecting your hardshell.