Updated May 2017
To keep this review fresh, we ordered the latest from Garmin: The Oregon 750. However, after a few weeks of testing, we decided we couldn't recommend it. It only has a few additional features on the Oregon 600t and yet costs hundreds of dollars more. We returned the unit and stand by our assertion that the 600t is the best handheld GPS on the market. More details below.
Best Overall Handheld GPS
Garmin Oregon 600t
Smartphone-like touch screen
Fast map redraw
Simple menu layout
Customizable menu options
Long battery life
Sensitive screen that changes easily
Limited Basecamp interface
Despite Garmin releasing a new "top of their line" model with the Oregon 750
, we still think the Oregon 600t
is the best. It has a modern
, high-quality touchscreen display. It resembles our smartphones, making it intuitive and easy to use. iPhone screens are higher quality, but this GPS device offers plenty of functionality. This model is highly accurate and loads maps with optimal speed. Packed with features, it includes a Bluetooth chip that allows you to share your waypoint and track data with receiving units nearby. It also hosts an electronic compass, 1.5 GB of memory, and 16 hours of battery life. The Oregon 600t redefines the standard for handheld GPS devices. We highly recommend this to anyone that does a lot of travel in low visibility conditions or has the cash the push the performance envelope. If you want a bit more, check out the Garmin Oregon 650
, which comes with an 8-megapixel camera that tags each photo with your location.
Read review: Garmin Oregon 600t
Best Bang for the Buck
Garmin eTrex 20x
Easy to use
Great screen quality
Longest battery life
Reliable push buttons
No electronic compass
Basemap is very limited
Owner's manual lacks detail
The Garmin eTrex 20x
is a small and lightweight hiking GPS that provides ample performance for roughly half the price and weight of the other two award winners. This device will help you get back on track if the weather turns foul and you can't find your route. This is perfect for those in need of a lightweight device before going into the backcountry for an extended period of time. Add this unit to your Dream Backpacking Gear List
as it may save you if you find yourself off trail. Not only that, but it will only cost you $199. If you're looking to upgrade your xTrex 20x memory storage and screen resolution, check out the Garmin eTrex 30x
Read review: Garmin eTrex 20x
Top Pick Award for Reliability
Garmin GPS MAP 64s
Fantastic reception through thick coverage
Share wirelessly features
Smart notifications (connect to your smartphone)
Weak base map
The Garmin GPS MAP 64s
is our top pick for mountaineering, ski touring, and below freezing adventures where the reliability of push buttons in cold weather supersedes all other factors
. The 64s also has a big external antenna that provides better and quicker reception than the 600t
, which is useful if you find yourself in super thick forest canopies (tropical jungles), deep slot canyons (like in Utah and Arizona), or stuck in a whiteout on the side of a mountain. Our testers liked the GPS MAP 64s
for colder, more extreme days but took the 600t
out on most bluebird days. If money isn't a factor, consider checking out the GPSMAP 64sc if you're looking for all the bells and whistles
for your Garmin.
Read review: Garmin GPS MAP 64s
Top Pick for Accuracy: Garmin Montana 680
Top Pick for Features: Magellan eXplorist 510
App or Handheld GPS?
We also highly recommend, in some cases, ditching the handheld GPS unit and using an APP. Apps are either free or a couple dollars and often very easy to load new tracks and layers on. You can easily share your activities and most phone screens are much bigger and better. See our article on how to load GPS files on your phone. That article also includes app recommendations.
The downside to apps is that they can be more complex to use and make sure you have the right layers. You also need a pretty burly phone case to achieve the durability of a handheld GPS. In addition, most handheld GPS units have better battery life.
Analysis and Test Results
Ski touring in Alaska is a perfect place to test the limits of these handheld GPS units.
We evaluated each model through an array of objective field and lab tests. Our testers spent hours tinkering with these units to provide you with an in-depth review. For each unit, we consider reception, ease of use, display quality, speed, weight, and versatility for evaluation.
The six devices tested in this review. There is one Magellan, one DeLorme, and four Garmin devices.
Why we didn't include the Oregon 750
After a few weeks with the Oregon 750, we returned it. We just felt that all the features below did not warrant the $300 jump in price over the 600t. But if you like these features, and price is no object, you might consider the 750.
Overview of the 750
- The menu is almost identical to Oregon 600t.
- More memory and storage capacity than 600t. 10,000 waypoints, 600t only has the capacity for 4,000- this is likely much more than the typical user will need.
- "Active weather" feature is useless because it relies on smartphone data. Might as well use a weather app on a smartphone.
- The flashlight is nice but most backpackers/hikers will carry a headlamp, so this is not very useful
- The 8-megapixel camera takes decent pictures and geotags photos. Doesn't seem too useful since everybody carries a smartphone around which can also geotag photos.
Pricing of the 600 and 600t vs the 750 and 750t
600 (no camera): Amazon Price- $195, Garmin Site- $400
600t (no camera): Amazon Price- $232, Garmin Site- $480
750 (with camera): Amazon Price- $500, Garmin Site- $500
750t (with camera): Amazon Price- $550, Garmin Site- $550
The Global Positioning System is a worldwide radio-navigation system that consists of 32 satellites and their ground stations. These are owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Defense. Some units also utilize the Globalnaya Navigazionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema satellite system that operates 24 additional satellites. Handheld units that utilize both networks are typically faster and more accurate.
We took these units outside in both open and dense areas and compared the accuracy of all units. At home, we engaged in four tests. In our first, we turned these units on and timed it to see how long it took to determine a location. This mimics how long it will take to get a signal in a new spot. In our second test, we turned on each unit and moved them progressively from open areas (the middle of the floor) closer to the wall and compared their recorded accuracy. In our third test, we marked a waypoint and tried to navigate back to the original location using the GPS. We measured the distance from the actual waypoint to the location the unit told us we had arrived. For our last test, we mapped out an area of 7000 square feet and (using the area calculator function) walked the perimeter of the area. The units that were closest to calculating 7000 square feet (after three trials) were deemed to be the most accurate. Through these tests and our experience in the field, we were able to determine the units with best accuracy and reception.
Here we see a comparison of tracks while driving. Light blue = Garmin eTrex 20x, dark blue = Garmin Oregon 600, Red = Garmin GPSMAP 64s, Green = Garmin Montana 680. The Montana was the most accurate in this test.
Of all the units tested, we were most impressed with the Garmin GPS MAP 64s and Garmin Montana 680. The Garmin Montana (the largest GPS) had the best accuracy while the GPS MAP 64s (with the biggest antennae) was a close second. Our Best Buy winner, Garmin eTrex 20x had decent accuracy picking up a signal faster than any other unit. All units except for the Magellan eXplorist 510 utilized both GLONASS and GPS networks. The Magellan eXplorist 510 provided accuracy within 15 ft.
The Montana 680 was the most accurate in navigating us back to way points taken in our accuracy tests.
Ease of Use
Here we assessed how easy is was to perform certain key functions such as marking and editing waypoints, creating and editing tracks, navigating to a waypoint, and following a route. In our tests, we gave these units to beginners and compared individual components. These included screen type, menu layout, keyboard type, button configuration, and software interface.
In the end, units that earned top marks were easy to use out of the box with limited reference to user manuals. We found that touch screens were easier to use than buttoned units as they have a close resemblance to smartphones. That said, units with large buttons stood out as a better option for cold weather with easier access to menu functions and better keyboard accuracy.
Entering waypoints is made easy with the dual-orientation screen. Here we see it in landscape mode. You can also lock the screen.
In the ease of use category, the Garmin devices reigned king. The interface software is very similar, and our novice testers thought it was the easiest to use. The Oregon 600t
(Editors' Choice) was first in the category as its touch screen was extremely responsive, modern, and simple. The Garmin Montana 680 was next for its large size and touchscreen. The Garmin GPS MAP 64s and eTrex 20x (Best Buy winner) were both buttoned units that earned the same rating. The GPS MAP 64s features many large, easy to use buttons while the eTrex 20x features a central toggle functioning as a directional and enter button. Our testers weren't huge fans of the Magellan eXplorist 510 in this category. The eXplorist specifically had a keyboard split between two screens that you laboriously had to flip back and forth between to enter text.
Even though we loved the big keyboard, the split keyboard was very inconvenient.
Another important function for any GPS unit is the ability to upload your trip information to a computer. All the devices tested in this review are compatible with the popular viewing software BaseCampTM
developed by Garmin. Another software program is Magellan'sVantagePoint
. In this review we found BaseCamp to be the easiest to navigate.
Here we assessed how easy it was to see the screen. We looked at screen display in both low light and high light conditions, with and without sunglasses. All the units feature high-quality screens of different sizes. Even though larger displays are easier to see, we noticed that these usually resulted in more glare and less visibility overall. We also noticed that units with plastic screens had poor visibility in comparison to those with hard plastic or glass screens.
The Oregon 600
had the best screen quality, made from gorilla glass with a 2.5-inch display. The GPS MAP 64s
and eTrex 20x
both had screens manufactured from the same material (with little glare in all light conditions) but of different sizes. The eTrex 20x has a 1.7-inch screen while the GPS MAP 64s
has a 2-inch screen. These performed well in all light conditions. The Garmin Montana 680
had a 3.5-inch screen (great for those with poor eyesight) but had glare in high light conditions. The Magellan eXplorist 510 was rated the poorest in this category, as the cheap plastic screen tended to reflect light in both low and high light conditions.
Here Kelly and Dan compare the screens of the (left to right) Garmin Montana 680, Magellan eXplorist 510, and Garmin Oregon 600. The Oregon's screen was the easiest to see and crisp in these high light conditions. The Montana 680's screen is large but produces glare on high light days, as does the Magellan. These are the three touchscreens we tested.
This variable assessed the speed of each unit. We timed how long it took to start up, draw maps, and go from one function to another. Also, we put all the units into a freezer overnight to see how the cold affected all the variables listed above. We found that none of the units' speed was affected by the cold except the Garmin Oregon that froze up with the extreme temperatures.
The Oregon 600t
and Montana 680
were the fastest followed closely by the GPS MAP 64s
. The Oregon 600t
was the fastest to toggle between functions and type in waypoints. The Montana 680
was the slowest to start up but very quickly redrew maps. The GPS MAP 64s
was the speediest buttoned unit to redraw maps and toggle between functions.
The Garmin Oregon 600 is fast and easy to use. The touchscreen is sensitive with smooth transitions between functions.
Weight and Size
We looked at the size and weight of the units. Using a precision scale, we weighed each unit and compared the relative size of the units to one another. This is an important metric to consider for those who travel light.
A comparison of size. From left to right: Garmin Montana 680, Garmin GPS Maps 64s, DeLorme PN-60, Magellan eXplorist 510, Garmin Oregon 600, Garmin eTrex 20x.
The Garmin eTrex 20x
, our Best Buy winner, was the lightest (5.1 oz) and smallest unit tested. Many of our ski testers reached for this when heading out for a quick and light lap in the mountains.
On the flip side, the Montana 680
is a beast. It was in the running for Editors' Choice, but lost the race due to its bulk and size. At 10.3 oz, we won't be bringing it on any lightweight-dependent adventures.
The Garmin eTrex 20x is lightweight and fits in small pockets. Take this GPS unit on your longest or fastest adventures.
When considering this metric we simply thought to ourselves - which unit could we take anywhere? We considered the units' features, durability, battery life, weight, size, and use with gloves. Units with a smaller design, longer battery life, and more features did better in this metric.
The Garmin GPS MAP 64s is our Top Pick for Reliability with one of the highest ratings in this category. Even though it doesn't have the most features or the smallest construction, our testers felt it was the best for all weather conditions. The Magellan eXplorist 510 features a plethora of features, including a video and voice recorder and 3.2 MP camera. This made it the most versatile to thoroughly document adventures.
Taking a picture is a snap with a camera button on the left side of the unit. Here the author is pictured filling in a description for a 'photo way point' in Alaska.
The Montana 680
has a large screen, perfect for navigational and hiking purposes. It also features a 8 MP camera. We also liked the eTrex 20x
. Even though it was the simplest in design, it featured the longest battery life, the lightest weight, and did well in all weather conditions. Overall, all the units were quite versatile, all receiving medium to high ratings in this category.
Use it with or without gloves. In both situations this Top Pick for Reliability is accurate and easy to use.
-These can save you a lot of money over time.
-Like with any electronics, it's important to protect it with a case. The GPSMAP 64s Slip Case and the eTrex Carrying Case are two options.
-There are many different kinds of mounts available. One that is compatible with all of our award winners is the Garmin Friction Mount.
Utilizing both GLONASS and GPS satellite networks, the Garmin Oregon 600 (Editors' Choice) helps this group of skiers navigate through a white-out.
Navigating wilderness shouldn't be a frustrating endeavor, and with the right GPS device, it isn't. There are plenty of options available with a variety of strengths and weakness. We hope this review helps identify the top performers for your backcountry pursuits and makes the question of "Which one should I get?" easy to answer. Head over to our Buying Advice
article for more info to assist in the shopping process.